Did you know that a contaminated egg can infect you with salmonella? Well yes – like ground meat or chicken – the egg, if not handled with the necessary care, can seriously harm your health. But before you eliminate them from your diet, here we tell you what care you should have to not get sick.
Hard, fried, poached or raw, in the form of omelettes or tortillas, or as part of innumerable recipes – from fried to panettone – eggs are part of a varied and balanced diet. Besides being delicious, the eggs are very nutritious and easy to digest, they contain proteins, are rich in vitamins and minerals and although they have been accused of increasing the cholesterol level, this idea has been questioned and the debate continues. respect.
However, although they are a source of important nutrients for the body, they can also transmit diseases and infections such as salmonella , which is one of the main causes of foodborne diseases.
Be careful, because although the egg has a perfectly normal appearance both in the shell and in its inner part, it can have salmonella, a group of bacteria that is also found in raw meats of beef or poultry, as well as in fruits and unwashed vegetables.
If a person contracts these bacteria, they may suffer from nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever. If the person is in a good state of health, these symptoms last for a few days (usually after a week they must have disappeared). In contrast, pregnant women, young children, the elderly and those with chronic diseases or the weakened defense system are more at risk.
Although many people can recover from the infection without receiving any treatment, in certain more severe cases it is necessary to fight it with antibiotics, since if the infection that causes salmonella goes from the intestines to the bloodstream and from there to other parts of the body, it can be very dangerous and even cause death.
The good news is that all this can be avoided. How? Learning to handle eggs correctly from the moment you buy them until they end up on the plate. Here are some recommendations for eggs to be a safe food:
- Buy the eggs in places where they are kept refrigerated and open the carton to make sure they are clean and that they are not broken.
- Once home, refrigerate them quickly and properly (at a temperature of 40º F or 4º C) until you are ready to consume them, before the first three weeks have passed after you have bought them.
- Store the eggs in their original carton, keep them clean and discard those that are cracked or dirty.
- When handling eggs, wash hands and all surfaces that have been in contact with raw eggs, such as utensils, dishes and cutting boards. Then, quickly store in the refrigerator the eggs you are not going to use or the leftovers that contain eggs.
- Cook the eggs well, until the egg white and yolk are firm. Scrambled eggs should not be watery and recipes containing eggs mixed with other foods should be cooked to an internal temperature of 160º F or 71º C.
- When the preparation includes raw or half-cooked eggs at the time of serving (such as Caesar salad dressing, for example), use shell eggs or pasteurized egg products.
- Eat the eggs immediately after cooking and do not leave them warm or at room temperature for more than 2 hours.
- Eggs and egg dishes, such as quiches and soufflés, can be refrigerated for later serving (for 3 or 4 days after), but must be fully reheated before serving, at 165º F or 74º C. In the case of hard eggs (with or without peel), do not consume them after 1 week of having cooked them.
- In restaurants, avoid meals made with raw or lightly cooked eggs, unpasteurized.
- When you are traveling or outdoors, keep the eggs cooked in a refrigerator with thermal insulation and plenty of ice or bags of refrigerant gel, to keep them cool, and do not put the refrigerator in the trunk (trunk, trunk) of the car, but inside the passenger compartment, with air conditioning.
- If you want to bring cooked eggs to work or school, store them with a small bag of refrigerant gel or a box of frozen juice.
With these simple cares you are ready to eat your favorite recipe with eggs, without them harming your health.